• 1) How long has the air base exis­ted at the Fürs­ten­feld­bruck location?

    Start­ing in 1935, num­e­rous aut­ar­chic air bases were built as part of the Natio­nal Socia­list arma­ment. The Luft­kriegs­schu­le Four in Fürs­ten­feld­bruck – a pres­ti­gious mili­ta­ry object.

    On April 29, 1945, the Ame­ri­can army libe­ra­ted Fürs­ten­feld­bruck from Nazi rule and used the air base as an air­port for ope­ra­ti­ons and sup­pli­es. From 1953 on, “Furs­ty” was an important trai­ning cen­ter for the USA and other NATO count­ries. On Decem­ber 14, 1957, the air base was offi­ci­al­ly han­ded over to the Ger­man Air Force. Fürs­ten­feld­bruck is still the cen­tral trai­ning cen­ter for young offi­cers of the Ger­man Air Force.

    With the aban­don­ment of mili­ta­ry use at the air base, not only an almost 80-year-old avia­ti­on tra­di­ti­on but also an equal­ly long com­mon histo­ry of the loca­ti­on and the city of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck comes to an end.

    Rela­ted links:

    Chro­nic­le of the Air Base

  • 2) Why does the Bun­des­wehr lea­ve the site?

    As part of the Bun­des­wehr’s reo­ri­en­ta­ti­on, nume­rous Bun­des­wehr loca­ti­ons throug­hout Ger­ma­ny have been rest­ruc­tu­red, sca­led down or aban­do­ned sin­ce the 1990s.

    Mili­ta­ry air traf­fic at the Fürs­ten­feld­bruck site was alrea­dy stop­ped in 1997. On Octo­ber 26, 2011, the Fede­ral Minis­try of Defence announ­ced that it would also trans­fer the mili­ta­ry pro­per­ties in the Fürs­ten­feld­bruck muni­ci­pal area. This marks the start of the com­ple­te clo­sure of the site, which is plan­ned for 2026 accord­ing to the cur­rent situation.

    Rela­ted links:


  • 3) On which flo­or is the area?

    The enti­re air base area is loca­ted in the com­mu­ni­ty are­as of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck and Mais­ach.

    The air­field and various faci­li­ties direct­ly asso­cia­ted with flight ope­ra­ti­ons are loca­ted in the Mais­ach muni­ci­pa­li­ty, cove­ring an area of about 280 hec­ta­res. In Fürs­ten­feld­bruck, the majo­ri­ty of the buil­dings are loca­ted on an area of about 200 hectares.

  • 4) Which buil­dings are loca­ted in the “Furs­ty” air base?

    Today the­re are more than 200 buil­dings spread throug­hout the area. In the cen­tral area of the air base with its air­field, air­craft han­gars, sup­p­ly buil­dings, sports faci­li­ties, accom­mo­da­ti­on and trai­ning faci­li­ties, the for­mer so-called “Luft­kriegs­schu­le” and “Kilo­me­ter­bau” are the most important core ele­ments. The majo­ri­ty of this buil­ding stock from the 1930s is clas­si­fied as a lis­ted monu­ment.

    Form­er­ly built by the Ame­ri­cans for their sta­tio­ned sol­diers and their fami­lies, the housing estates in the west are loca­ted out­side the fenced-in mili­ta­ry com­pound and now house civi­li­an housing.

    Within the scope of a tem­po­ra­ry buil­ding per­mit, BMW is using two for­mer air­craft han­gars on the nor­the­as­tern edge of the “Dri­ving Aca­de­my Mais­ach” for the “Mais­ach Dri­ving Safe­ty Centre”.

    Sin­ce 2014, the govern­ment of Upper Bava­ria has been ope­ra­ting an initi­al recep­ti­on faci­li­ty for refu­gees in the buil­ding of the for­mer Luft­kriegs­schu­le, which is affi­lia­ted to the Bava­ri­an bar­racks in Munich and is the­r­e­fo­re refer­red to by the sta­te aut­ho­ri­ties as a “Depen­dance”.

    Rela­ted links:

    Buil­dings Recep­ti­on Faci­li­ty for Asylum-Seekers

  • 5) What is the area?

    The Fürs­ten­feld­bruck area of the air base has a total area of almost 200 hec­ta­res. That’s the equivalent:

    • around six per­cent of the enti­re urban area
      (in com­pa­ri­son: The pro­por­ti­on of con­ver­si­on are­as in Munich is 1.6 percent)
    • about 280 foot­ball fields
    • around the enti­re city cen­ter bet­ween Amper-Puchermühlstraße‑B 471-Dachauer Stra­ße East

    It can be assu­med that about 76 hec­ta­res (39 per­cent) of this area will be available for deve­lo­p­ment; this cor­re­sponds to about 15 per­cent of the curr­ent­ly exis­ting buil­ding land in Fürstenfeldbruck.

  • 6) Who is the owner?

    The pro­per­ty is owned by the Ger­man Fede­ral Insti­tu­te for Real Estate Manage­ment (BImA).

    It is the cen­tral real estate ser­vice pro­vi­der of the fede­ral govern­ment. Her focus is on real estate manage­ment for the majo­ri­ty of the fede­ral government’s offi­ci­al real estate.

    Ano­ther task is the sale of tho­se pro­per­ties that are no lon­ger nee­ded for the pur­po­ses of the Con­fe­de­ra­ti­on. The sale may only be car­ri­ed out in accordance with com­mer­cial prin­ci­ples and at full value.

  • 7) Who owns the property?

    The area and the buil­dings are in lar­ge parts still under mili­ta­ry use by the Bundeswehr.

    Howe­ver, indi­vi­du­al buil­dings are also ren­ted to civi­li­an users. Some sports clubs from Fürs­ten­feld­bruck and the sur­roun­ding muni­ci­pa­li­ties can use the sports grounds.

    The mili­ta­ry release of the­se are­as is plan­ned for 2026, accord­ing to the cur­rent offi­cial announcement.

  • 8) What is the role of the city?

    The city is initi­al­ly respon­si­ble for muni­ci­pal plan­ning sove­reig­n­ty and the deve­lo­p­ment task and thus deci­des on the future buil­ding and plan­ning law.

    In addi­ti­on, the city can exer­cise a cen­tral con­trol func­tion in the run-up to future deve­lo­p­ments. This includes tasks such as the defi­ni­ti­on of urban deve­lo­p­ment goals and frame­work con­di­ti­ons, as well as the mode­ra­ti­on and coor­di­na­ti­on of pro­cess flows.

    The city also aims to inform and invol­ve citi­zens and stakeholders.

    Rela­ted links:

    Con­cept – Issues

  • 9) Can the City of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck plan the area on its own?

    Basi­cal­ly, the city can plan the area on its own.

    At pre­sent, this is limi­t­ed by the still exis­ting dedi­ca­ti­on of the air­ba­se area as a mili­ta­ry area. The plan­ning sove­reig­n­ty of the city of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck the­r­e­fo­re only comes into effect when the area of the air base has been for­mal­ly unde­di­ca­ted to mili­ta­ry forces.

    Plan­ning instru­ments are the land use plan (as pre­pa­ra­to­ry urban land-use plan­ning) and the deve­lo­p­ment plan (as bin­ding urban land-use plan­ning). They are the city’s own responsibility.

    With such a lar­ge area as the con­ver­si­on area of the air base, regio­nal effects for neigh­bor­ing muni­ci­pa­li­ties and the regi­on can be expec­ted. The­r­e­fo­re, plan­ning must be coor­di­na­ted on a regio­nal basis.

    Rela­ted links:

    Con­cept – Issues Con­cept – Planning

  • 10) How long will it take to build?

    In the cour­se of a trans­for­ma­ti­on of con­ver­si­on are­as, it must be cla­ri­fied before­hand whe­ther con­ta­mi­na­ted sites and explo­si­ve ord­nan­ce are pre­sent, in what con­di­ti­on the roads, pipe­lines, pos­si­bly buil­dings, etc. are loca­ted. Exten­si­ve demo­li­ti­on, de-sealing and rede­ve­lo­p­ment mea­su­res may be neces­sa­ry to prepa­re the site for civi­li­an use.

    In addi­ti­on, num­e­rous expert opi­ni­ons have to be com­mis­sio­ned and deve­lo­p­ment con­cepts were drawn up. Then the rea­liza­ti­on can begin in par­ti­al steps.

    This pro­cess is expec­ted to take place over a peri­od of 15 to 20 years.

    Rela­ted links:

    The Con­ver­si­on Process

  • 11) Can pro­per­ties be acquired?

    In prin­ci­ple, indi­vi­du­al plots of land can be acqui­red by BImA – after deduc­tion of the Bun­des­wehr and its mili­ta­ry deva­lua­ti­on – unless other fede­ral or sta­te aut­ho­ri­ties decla­re a need.

    In addi­ti­on to the city, inves­tors and pri­va­te indi­vi­du­als could also be inte­res­ted. The city has a first-time access right for appro­pria­te­ly jus­ti­fied muni­ci­pal purposes.

    Rela­ted links:

    New By-laws Regar­ding Pre-emptive Right

  • 12) What should be done with the exis­ting buildings?

    The struc­tu­ral con­di­ti­on of the exis­ting buil­dings is very dif­fe­rent; lar­ge parts of them are clas­si­fied as his­to­ri­cal monuments.

    The urban deve­lo­p­ment poli­cy goal is to crea­te a new, con­tem­po­ra­ry dis­trict that offers sus­tainable housing accor­ding to today’s needs. To this end, sel­ec­ted buil­dings with out­stan­ding urban plan­ning and sui­ta­ble buil­dings are to be pre­ser­ved and moder­ni­zed for sub­se­quent use. In addi­ti­on, new resi­den­ti­al buil­dings can be con­s­truc­ted that meet the requi­re­ments for healt­hy and ener­ge­ti­cal­ly high-quality living.

  • 13) What visi­ons / oppor­tu­ni­ties do the city and the regi­on have in rela­ti­on to the area?

    For the city coun­cil and the admi­nis­tra­ti­on, the con­ver­si­on of the air base area is a uni­que task with long-term signi­fi­can­ce for the future deve­lo­p­ment of the city and the dis­trict. This includes social, cul­tu­ral and spa­ti­al­ly inno­va­ti­ve oppor­tu­ni­ties as well as eco­no­mic risk potential.

    With the depar­tu­re of the Bun­des­wehr, the uni­que oppor­tu­ni­ty is crea­ted to rede­ve­lop the area of the air base and to inte­gra­te its iden­ti­ty into the urban area in the sen­se of a Bru­cker iden­ti­ty. The visi­on of deve­lo­p­ment is sum­ma­ri­zed in the city council’s gui­de­lines.

    Rela­ted links:

    Per­spec­ti­ves – Gui­de­line Resolution

  • 14) What are the city’s guidelines?

    Accor­ding to the city of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck, a new and attrac­ti­ve part of the city is to be crea­ted, which is ori­en­ted towards urban and inno­va­ti­ve urban struc­tures. Mixed struc­tures are also pro­vi­ded for, which allow demand-related fur­ther deve­lo­p­ment and take into account the prin­ci­ple of the “city of short distances”. The exis­ting, unmist­aka­ble open space qua­li­ties are to be main­tai­ned and fur­ther developed.

    This deve­lo­p­ment is to take place in indi­vi­du­al, suc­ces­si­ve con­s­truc­tion pha­ses and is to be con­trol­led by the city of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck and its decision-making bodies.

    More about the guidelines »

  • 15) Why does the city want to crea­te com­mer­cial space?

    The crea­ti­on of jobs is a cen­tral social and muni­ci­pal con­cern. It is important for a city like Fürs­ten­feld­bruck that the­re is suf­fi­ci­ent com­mer­cial space with dif­fe­rent qualities.

    The loca­ti­on of the air base is cha­rac­te­ri­zed by a favorable loca­ti­on bet­ween Augs­burg and Munich and good acces­si­bi­li­ty. The regi­on has a high poten­ti­al for qua­li­fied workers. In order to ensu­re the deve­lo­p­ment of the loca­ti­on (and thus also the dis­trict) into a modern and effi­ci­ent busi­ness loca­ti­on, a clear loca­ti­on pro­fi­le must be crea­ted. Today, it is also cru­cial for com­pa­nies to have a high qua­li­ty of lei­su­re, edu­ca­ti­on and cul­tu­ral acti­vi­ties.
    The depar­tu­re of the Bun­des­wehr will result in the loss of 800 sol­diers and the jobs of 700 civil ser­vants. The­se could be com­pen­sa­ted for by the estab­lish­ment of inno­va­ti­on and tech­no­lo­gy cen­ters. All pos­si­bi­li­ties to sup­port the local eco­no­my should be exploited.

    The scope and type of the desi­gna­ti­on of com­mer­cial are­as should be based on the results of a mar­ket and demand ana­ly­sis.

    Rela­ted links:

    Pre­pa­ra­to­ry Studies

  • 16) Why does the city want to crea­te resi­den­ti­al areas?

    As a core area of ever­y­day life, living con­tri­bu­tes signi­fi­cant­ly to the qua­li­ty and image of a city and is the basis for iden­ti­fi­ca­ti­on and local ties.

    Demo­gra­phic and social con­di­ti­ons are caus­ing the popu­la­ti­on figu­res in the enti­re regi­on to increase ste­adi­ly. This leads to a shorta­ge and increa­ses in the pri­ce of housing, end­an­ge­ring social sta­bi­li­ty and impai­ring the attrac­ti­ve­ness of the eco­no­mic loca­ti­on in the long term.

    The city of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck, the­r­e­fo­re, sees the crea­ti­on of afforda­ble, demand-oriented living space as a core task of urban deve­lo­p­ment and the ful­fill­ment of muni­ci­pal tasks.

    Rela­ted links:

    Pre­pa­ra­to­ry Studies

  • 17) Why are mixed struc­tures forward-looking and sustainable?

    Func­tio­ning and mul­ti­cul­tu­ral neigh­bor­hoods and chan­ging mobi­li­ty pat­terns will shape the city of tomorrow.

    As a result of the eco­no­mic and tech­no­lo­gi­cal chan­ge, the pro­por­ti­on of busi­nesses that work in a way that is com­pa­ti­ble with housing is incre­asing. Tech­no­lo­gy and service-oriented busi­nesses are no lon­ger pri­ma­ri­ly loca­ted in the “clas­sic” indus­tri­al estate but are loo­king for loca­ti­ons with good sur­roun­dings and urban struc­tures. A mix­tu­re of living, working, edu­ca­ti­on and lei­su­re time is also a long-term means of avo­i­ding traf­fic. When soci­al­ly dif­fe­rent neigh­bor­hoods form, which sup­port each other, a posi­ti­ve urban cul­tu­re can deve­lop in the sen­se of a Bru­cker identity.

    The 2015 gui­de­line decis­i­on, the­r­e­fo­re, fol­lows a con­sis­tent mix of uses.

  • 18) How much living and working space should be created?

    Accor­ding to the cur­rent situa­ti­on, the aim is to attract bet­ween four and five thousand inha­bi­tants within a deve­lo­p­ment peri­od of 15 to 20 years and to crea­te 1500 to 4000 jobs. For exam­p­le, 200 to 330 more peo­p­le would live in the city each year – which, with a cur­rent popu­la­ti­on of around 38,000, would mean an annu­al increase of 0.9 per­cent. At the same time, bet­ween 60 and 265 new jobs could be crea­ted – that would mean annu­al growth of up to 1.9 per­cent.

    This cor­re­sponds to the basic objec­ti­ves of sta­te and regio­nal plan­ning as well as to the recom­men­da­ti­ons of the “Spa­ti­al Deve­lo­p­ment Stra­tegy of the Dis­trict” (RES).

    Rela­ted links:

    Pre­pa­ra­to­ry Studies

  • 19) Why does the city want to crea­te lei­su­re and sports facilities?

    Sport is writ­ten in capi­tal let­ters in Fürs­ten­feld­bruck. The­re is alre­a­dy a sports cen­ter in the city cen­ter and ano­ther one in the west of Bruck is being plan­ned. The exis­ting sports fields in the air base are to be acqui­red. In an over­all con­cept for sports faci­li­ties, the need is to be asses­sed, mea­su­res are to be defi­ned and finan­cial plan­ning has to be drawn up.

    It is plan­ned to make pro­vi­si­on for the exis­ting forest are­as, in par­ti­cu­lar west of the air base, for lei­su­re, recrea­ti­on and natu­re expe­ri­ence clo­se to the city cen­ter. This requi­res an ear­ly coor­di­na­ti­on with natu­re con­ser­va­ti­on concerns.

    Rela­ted links:

    Pre­pa­ra­to­ry Studies

  • 20) Has the city alre­a­dy star­ted planning?

    On 13 Sep­tem­ber 2016, the City Coun­cil appro­ved the draft for the 61st amend­ment of the FNP “Air­ba­se” and ins­truc­ted the admi­nis­tra­ti­on to initia­te the legal pro­ce­du­res in accordance with the Buil­ding Code. The draft FNP is based on the 2015 gui­de­lines laid down by the city council.

    On 27 Sep­tem­ber 2017, the city coun­cil pas­sed a mora­to­ri­um.
    The four muni­ci­pa­li­ties direct­ly invol­ved – the cities of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck and Olching and the muni­ci­pa­li­ties of Emme­ring and Mais­ach – will be working tog­e­ther with Dis­trict Admi­nis­tra­tor Tho­mas Kar­ma­sin to deve­lop a joint deve­lo­p­ment con­cept. All indi­vi­du­al urban plan­ning plans are to be sus­pen­ded until 31 July 2018. If the­re is no workab­le draft after the dead­line, each muni­ci­pa­li­ty can resu­me its own planning.

    Rela­ted links:

    Plan­ning – Draft Land-Use Plan

  • 21) Does the city want to acqui­re the land or parts of it?

    The rea­liza­ti­on of the deve­lo­p­ment con­cept is basi­cal­ly easier to accom­plish if the city is in pos­ses­si­on of a lar­ge part or all plots of land. The­re are various pos­si­bi­li­ties for finan­cing and rea­liza­ti­on of the site, which have to be agreed and nego­tia­ted with BImA as the lan­dow­ner. In view of the enorm­ous volu­me of space available, it can be assu­med that dif­fe­rent finan­cing models will be used in the indi­vi­du­al sub-areas, depen­ding on the urban plan­ning objectives.

    Accor­ding to the Fede­ral Bud­get Code, BImA is only allo­wed to sell the plots of land at their full mar­ket value; a dis­coun­ted purcha­se is only pos­si­ble under spe­cial con­di­ti­ons and to a very limi­t­ed extent.

    The city has pas­sed a char­ter of pre-emptive rights.

  • 22) Can the city cope with this financially?

    An acqui­si­ti­on can only be made in sec­tions of the pro­ject that makes sen­se from a plan­ning point of view (jus­ti­fia­ble increase in popu­la­ti­on) and can be mana­ged finan­ci­al­ly for the city. Urban deve­lo­p­ment con­cept, acqui­si­ti­on, and resa­le must be opti­mal­ly coordinated.

    In con­trast to other parts of Bava­ria, the pri­ces for buil­ding land in the Munich regi­on are enorm­ously high. The city can thus char­ge the sel­ler for con­se­quen­ti­al cos­ts such as road and canal, schools and kin­der­gar­tens as well as con­ta­mi­na­ted sites and explo­si­ve ord­nan­ce. In the sen­se of a soci­al­ly respon­si­ble land use, the city pur­sues the aim that sub­se­quent cos­ts do not have to be finan­ced by the gene­ral public via tax­pay­ers’ money or fees. In addi­ti­on, it is important to the city that the new buil­ding law also links socio-political goals. This means that many citi­zens should be able to find afforda­ble housing or purcha­se property.