Events in the context of the conversion project

Novem­ber 2015

A New Place of Remembrance to be Established at the Original Site of the Tragedy

A way is being paved for the crea­ti­on of a new place of remem­brance at the Old Tower: At a sym­po­si­um orga­ni­zed by the admi­nis­tra­ti­ve dis­trict office, rese­ar­chers and repre­sen­ta­ti­ves from poli­tics and socie­ty dis­cus­sed the plans to erect a memo­ri­al for the vic­tims of the Munich Mas­sacre of 1972 at the air base site. It beca­me appa­rent that the site was not only to beco­me a place of remem­brance but also one of mee­ting and learning.

The almost 200 par­ti­ci­pan­ts were wel­co­med to the offi­cers’ quar­ters with a pro­jec­tion show­ing two burned-out heli­c­op­ters as view­ed from the Old Tower. In a fai­led res­cue attempt, nine ath­le­tes from Isra­el and a Ger­man poli­ce offi­cer were kil­led at the air­field. On 5th Sep­tem­ber 1972, the ath­le­tes had been taken hos­ta­ge by Pal­es­ti­ni­an ter­ro­rists in the Olym­pic Village.

Read more

Sin­ce 1997, the dis­trict of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck has orga­ni­zed memo­ri­al ser­vices at the gates of the air base. Clo­sing the air base by 2019, howe­ver, offers the chan­ce to erect a memo­ri­al at the very loca­ti­on of the tra­ge­dy. What it could look like was the topic of the mee­ting held on 25th Sep­tem­ber. Tho­mas Kar­ma­sin, head of dis­trict, brought to mind the cen­tral memo­ri­al ser­vice to com­me­mo­ra­te the 40th anni­ver­sa­ry of the mas­sacre when rela­ti­ves from Isra­el visi­ted the ori­gi­nal site of the tra­ge­dy for the first time. At that time, Minister-President, Horst See­ho­fer, assu­red that the Free Sta­te of Bava­ria would sup­port the estab­lish­ment of a wort­hy place of remembrance.

Char­lot­te Knob­loch, Pre­si­dent of the Jewish Com­mu­ni­ty of Munich and Upper Bava­ria, empha­si­zed that the more time that pas­sed, the more important it beca­me to remem­ber. She sta­ted how it was a cen­tral task to explain to young peo­p­le that the­re was a con­nec­tion bet­ween their lives and the past and that young peo­p­le should be invol­ved as ear­ly as in the plan­ning stage. “They are the future.” In addi­ti­on, it was vital for her to put the events into a con­text. Dan Shaham, Con­su­la­te Gene­ral of the Sta­te of Isra­el in Sou­thern Ger­ma­ny, expres­sed his desi­re for a place of mee­ting and reflec­tion pro­mo­ting tole­rance and co-existence, a place for lear­ning and teaching.

Bava­ri­an Minis­ter of Sci­ence Lud­wig Spaen­le, poin­ted out that at a memo­ri­al ser­vice in Tel Aviv he felt the deep scars the dreadful event has left and that he was to make an effort to get that pro­ject off the ground. His­to­ri­an Ange­li­ka Schuster-Fox, who is super­vi­sing the pro­ject on the site, empha­si­zed that the dis­trict was in no posi­ti­on to bear the enorm­ous cos­ts invol­ved in the estab­lish­ment of such a site. In addi­ti­on, she said that the Bun­des­wehr (Ger­man Armed Forces) would also clo­se the Old Tower and the run­way as ear­ly as by the end of the year making plan­ning an incre­asing­ly urgent matter.

Fer­di­nand Kra­mer of the Insti­tu­te for Bava­ri­an Histo­ry of the Ludwig-Maximilian-University Munich brought up the sub­ject of pos­si­ble exhi­bi­ti­on con­tents. He sug­gested pre­sen­ting topics such as key figu­res and vic­tims, sports in tran­si­ti­on, the inter­na­tio­nal posi­ti­on of the Fede­ral Repu­blic of Ger­ma­ny or the Midd­le East con­flict. He is of the opi­ni­on that it should also be dis­cus­sed how to deal with the per­pe­tra­tors. Based on a num­ber of examp­les, Sonja-Maria Herzl-Förster and Marie-Luise Krei­lin­ger of Doku­men­ta­ti­on Ober­salz­berg (Docu­men­ta­ti­on Ober­salz­berg) pre­sen­ted the museum’s edu­ca­tio­nal work and edu­ca­tio­nal pro­gram. Accor­ding to them, that was the only way to appeal to a broad audi­ence while kee­ping ali­ve such a memo­ri­al site.

Bir­git­ta Kle­menz, his­to­ri­an and cul­tu­ral advi­ser of Fürs­ten­feld­bruck, sup­port­ed a clear sepa­ra­ti­on of the docu­men­ta­ti­on cen­ter and the memo­ri­al site. She sug­gested the­re could be a pre­sen­ta­ti­on of the events in the Old Tower, whe­re­as the run­way should beco­me a place to com­me­mo­ra­te the vic­tims with dignity.

Mar­tin Kornacher, head of the muni­ci­pal plan­ning and buil­ding con­trol office, poin­ted out urban deve­lo­p­ment and monu­ment con­ser­va­ti­on aspects from a Fürs­ten­feld­bruck town admi­nis­tra­ti­on point of view. He explai­ned that a new part of town was going to be crea­ted at the air base site after the com­ple­te with­dra­wal of the Bun­des­wehr and that the Tower and the run­way were going to be loca­ted within a resi­den­ti­al and busi­ness area. Accor­ding to Mr. Kornacher, the memo­ri­al site should be inte­gra­ted wit­hout being per­cei­ved as an obs­truc­tion. For him it is important that an area of about 20,000 squa­re meters around the Old Tower should be kept unde­ve­lo­ped for estab­li­shing the memo­ri­al site. Accor­ding to the expert, this is the lar­gest con­nec­ted open space in the dis­trict. It is vital to link the area to the road net­work. In order to avo­id the area being used pri­va­te­ly, the muni­ci­pa­li­ty could ima­gi­ne desi­gna­ting it as a “spe­cial memo­ri­al site area”. He sug­gested that initia­ting a com­pe­ti­ti­on which was also open to sub­mis­si­on from Israe­li repre­sen­ta­ti­ves could pro­vi­de strong archi­tec­tu­ral concepts.

Archi­tect Fer­di­nand Kriss­mayr pre­pared an expert opi­ni­on for the Old Tower which had been built from 1936 onwards. Accor­ding to it, the buil­ding has under­go­ne fun­da­men­tal chan­ges sin­ce 1972. It explains that the flight con­trol cen­ter con­s­truc­tion was dis­sem­bled, the win­dows rene­wed and the let­te­ring “Fürs­ten­feld­bruck” remo­ved. What remains is an avera­ge func­tion­al buil­ding. “Its sta­te as of 1972 would be of cen­tral importance for the memo­ri­al site” Kriss­mayr empha­si­zed. He does, howe­ver, think that rea­li­zing a memo­ri­al site the­re would be possible.

Jörg Skrie­be­leit, direc­tor of Flos­sen­bürg con­cen­tra­ti­on camp memo­ri­al site, refer­red to it as a crime site empha­si­zing the importance of the Old Tower’s exte­ri­or. He explai­ned how it was the­se very images that have stuck in the memo­ries of many peo­p­le. Howe­ver, he advi­sed against recon­s­truc­tion. With a view to docu­men­ta­ti­on, he sug­gested to focus on the essen­ti­als. Cura­tor Pirit­ta Klei­ner pre­sen­ted the exhi­bi­ti­on con­tents for the new memo­ri­al site to be estab­lished in Munich. It beca­me clear that many pos­si­ble topics are alre­a­dy cover­ed there.

Fürstenfeldbruck Town Hall to Host Exhibition on Conversions

Taking up “Quarters in Munich”

From Decem­ber 2014 to the end of Janu­ary 2015, the tra­ve­ling exhi­bi­ti­on “Taking up Quar­ters in Munich” is on dis­play at Fürs­ten­feld­bruck town hall at Haupt­stra­ße 31.

This exhi­bi­ti­on focu­ses on for­mer mili­ta­ry ter­ri­to­ry that has been con­ver­ted within the city limits of Munich sin­ce the begin­ning of the 1990s. Pre­sen­ting a num­ber of short pro­files of con­ver­ted bar­racks are­as, the exhi­bi­ti­on illus­tra­tes how mili­ta­ry sites can be deve­lo­ped into vibrant resi­den­ti­al quar­ters. In this con­text, dif­fe­rent plan­ning approa­ches and dif­fe­rent ways and means were cho­sen as well as dif­fe­rent results were achie­ved. With the help of sel­ec­ted examp­les, visi­tors can also learn about the com­plex spec­trum of tasks to be tack­led and the oppor­tu­ni­ties a con­ver­si­on can offer in terms of urban development.

The approa­ches taken and results achie­ved in Munich can­not be copied and appli­ed to Fürs­ten­feld­bruck as they are. The over­all con­di­ti­ons as well as the pur­sued tar­gets and imple­men­ta­ti­on stra­te­gies are dif­fe­rent. That is why appro­pria­te tools, tar­gets and stra­te­gies need to be deve­lo­ped for each muni­ci­pa­li­ty and each con­ver­si­on area individually.

Infor­ma­ti­on on the sta­tus quo, the pro­blems and risks, the poten­ti­als and fields of action in Fürs­ten­feld­bruck are also presented.

Rol­lups to view

First Public Information Event about the Air Base Conversion on 4th March 2013

Ope­ning address by Mayor Mr. Kellerer

Pre­sen­ta­ti­ons by the par­ties invol­ved in the con­ver­si­on process

  • Bun­des­wehr (Ger­man Armed Forces) as the pre­sent user of the pro­per­ty (Colo­nel Scheibl)
    Con­ver­si­on from the Bun­des­wehr perspective
  • BImA (Insti­tu­te for Fede­ral Real Estate) as the owner of the pro­per­ty (Mr. Hans-Peter Fehr)
    Role and inte­rests of the BlmA
  • Stadt Fürs­ten­feld­bruck (Fürs­ten­feld­bruck town admi­nis­tra­ti­on) as the muni­ci­pal plan­ning aut­ho­ri­ty (Mr. Kornacher, head of the muni­ci­pal plan­ning and buil­ding con­trol office)
    Plan­ning and decision-making pro­ces­ses, targets
  • Pro­fes­sor Mark Michae­li, TU Mün­chen (Tech­ni­cal Uni­ver­si­ty of Munich)
    Pre­pa­ra­to­ry stu­dies, pre­sen­ta­ti­on of fun­da­men­tals and short analysis

Citi­zen dialogue
Ide­as and ques­ti­ons brought for­ward by citizens

Pre­sen­ta­ti­on documents